Описание картины Василия Перова «Спящие дети». Картина спящие


Спящие (картина Курбе) — википедия фото

История

Картина «Спящие» была написана по заказу турецкого дипломата и коллекционера конца эпохи Османской империи — Халила Паши, который с 1860 года жил в Париже[3]. Картину не разрешалось выставлять напоказ вплоть до 1988 года. Такому же запрету подвергался и ряд других произведений Гюстава Курбе — например, полотно «Происхождение мира», на котором крупным планом изображена женская вульва[4]. Владельцем этой картины первоначально тоже был Халил Паша. Когда в 1872 году «Спящие» были выставлены в картинной галерее, они стали предметом полицейского отчёта[5]. Одной из натурщиц этой картины была Джоанна Хиффернан, которая в то время служила моделью Джеймсу Уистлеру. Также она была возлюбленной Уистлера, но после «Спящих» их отношениям пришёл конец, а мнение Уистлера о Курбе испортилось[1].

Энциклопедия истории и культуры геев и лесбиянок описывает «Спящих» как знаменитое произведение в живописи. Эта картина оказала большое влияние на искусство XIX века: после публичной демонстрации «Спящих» некоторые художники того времени вдохновились изображением лесбийской пары. Повторение этой темы помогло снизить количество табу, связанных с лесбийскими отношениями[6].

Сегодня картина входит в коллекцию парижского Малого дворца[2].

Описание

На картине изображены две спящие обнажённые женщины, по-видимому, лесбиянки. Они лежат в постели, в обнимку друг с другом. Слева от зрителя — женщина с каштановыми волосами, лежащая на спине. Её обе ноги показаны в профиль, правой она обнимает вторую женщину — блондинку, а левая направлена в сторону её влагалища. Лицо спящей блондинки обращено к брюнетке. На своём бедре она левой рукой поддерживает ногу темноволосой девушки. Центр полотна занимают ягодицы брюнетки. Есть прямой намёк на их отдых после полового акта[7]. Возле ног спящих видны некоторые украшения (шпилька, ожерелье), брошенные на белую постель. Ещё одним намёком на страстные отношения является разорванное ожерелье[1]. У правой руки брюнетки видна часть платья. В качестве фона изображён тёмно-синий занавес. Справа от кровати находится столик, на котором стоит жёлтая ваза с яркими цветами. Слева — стакан, кувшин и хрустальная ваза, расположенные на тумбе восточного стиля. В нижнем правом углу картина подписана «Г. Курбе 66».

Анализ

Полотно было написано под впечатлением от стихотворения Шарля Бодлера «Проклятые женщины (Ипполита и Дельфина)» на лесбийскую тематику, из сборника «Цветы зла» (1857)[8]. Картина «Спящие» была истолкована как хороший пример реализма в живописи. Отмечалось, что обнажённые тела написаны без приукрашивания, с сохранением недостатков. По мнению некоторых критиков, это полотно безупречно раскрывает эротический стиль[7].

Примечания

Ссылки

org-wikipediya.ru

Спящие (картина Курбе) - WikiVisually

1. Холст – Canvas is an extremely durable plain-woven fabric used for making sails, tents, marquees, backpacks, and other items for which sturdiness is required. It is also used by artists as a painting surface. It is also used in such objects as handbags, electronic device cases. The word canvas is derived from the 13th century Anglo-French canevaz, both may be derivatives of the Vulgar Latin cannapaceus for made of hemp, originating from the Greek κάνναβις. Modern canvas is made of cotton or linen, although. It differs from other cotton fabrics, such as denim. Canvas comes in two types, plain and duck. The threads in duck canvas are more tightly woven, the term duck comes from the Dutch word for cloth, doek. In the United States, canvas is classified in two ways, by weight and by a number system. The numbers run in reverse of the weight so a number 10 canvas is lighter than number 4, canvas has become the most common support medium for oil painting, replacing wooden panels. One of the earliest surviving oils on canvas is a French Madonna with angels from around 1410 in the Gemäldegalerie, however, panel painting remained more common until the 16th century in Italy and the 17th century in Northern Europe. Mantegna and Venetian artists were among those leading the change, Venetian sail canvas was readily available, as lead-based paint is poisonous, care has to be taken in using it. Early canvas was made of linen, a sturdy brownish fabric of considerable strength, linen is particularly suitable for the use of oil paint. In the early 20th century, cotton canvas, often referred to as cotton duck, linen is composed of higher quality material, and remains popular with many professional artists, especially those who work with oil paint. Cotton duck, which stretches more fully and has an even, mechanical weave, the advent of acrylic paint has greatly increased the popularity and use of cotton duck canvas. Linen and cotton derive from two different plants, the flax plant and the cotton plant, respectively. Gessoed canvases on stretchers are also available and they are available in a variety of weights, light-weight is about 4 oz or 5 oz, medium-weight is about 7 oz or 8 oz, heavy-weight is about 10 oz or 12 oz. They are prepared with two or three coats of gesso and are ready for use straight away, artists desiring greater control of their painting surface may add a coat or two of their preferred gesso

2. Масляная живопись – Oil painting is the process of painting with pigments with a medium of drying oil as the binder. Commonly used drying oils include linseed oil, poppy seed oil, walnut oil, the choice of oil imparts a range of properties to the oil paint, such as the amount of yellowing or drying time. Certain differences, depending on the oil, are visible in the sheen of the paints. An artist might use different oils in the same painting depending on specific pigments and effects desired. The paints themselves also develop a particular consistency depending on the medium, the oil may be boiled with a resin, such as pine resin or frankincense, to create a varnish prized for its body and gloss. Its practice may have migrated westward during the Middle Ages, Oil paint eventually became the principal medium used for creating artworks as its advantages became widely known. In recent years, water miscible oil paint has come to prominence and, to some extent, water-soluble paints contain an emulsifier that allows them to be thinned with water rather than paint thinner, and allows very fast drying times when compared with traditional oils. Traditional oil painting techniques often begin with the artist sketching the subject onto the canvas with charcoal or thinned paint, Oil paint is usually mixed with linseed oil, artist grade mineral spirits, or other solvents to make the paint thinner, faster or slower-drying. A basic rule of oil paint application is fat over lean and this means that each additional layer of paint should contain more oil than the layer below to allow proper drying. If each additional layer contains less oil, the painting will crack. This rule does not ensure permanence, it is the quality and type of oil leads to a strong. There are many media that can be used with the oil, including cold wax, resins. These aspects of the paint are closely related to the capacity of oil paint. Traditionally, paint was transferred to the surface using paintbrushes. Oil paint remains wet longer than other types of artists materials, enabling the artist to change the color. At times, the painter might even remove a layer of paint. This can be done with a rag and some turpentine for a time while the paint is wet, Oil paint dries by oxidation, not evaporation, and is usually dry to the touch within a span of two weeks. It is generally dry enough to be varnished in six months to a year, art conservators do not consider an oil painting completely dry until it is 60 to 80 years old

3. Малый дворец (Париж) – The Petit Palais is an art museum in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, France. Built for the 1900 Exposition Universelle, it now houses the City of Paris Museum of Fine Arts, the Petit Palais is located across from the Grand Palais on Avenue Nicolas II, today Avenue Winston-Churchill. The other façades of the face the Seine and Avenue des Champs-Elysees. The Petit Palais is one of 14 museums of the City of Paris that have incorporated since January 1,2013. In 1894 a competition was held for the 1900 Exhibition area, the Palais de lIndustrie from the 1855 World’s Fair was considered unfitting and was to be replaced by something new for the 1900 Exhibition. Architects had the option to do what they pleased with the Palais de l’Industrie, in the end, Charles Girault won the competition and built the Petit Palais as one of the buildings that replaced the Palais de l’Industrie. The construction of the Petit Palais began on October 10,1897 and was completed in April 1900, the total cost of the Petit Palais at the time of the construction was 400,000 pounds. Charles Girault largely draws on the seventeenth and early eighteenth century French style for the Petit Palais. Additionally his work, such as the central porch and the triple arcade, has many references to the stables at Chantilly. Girault’s plan for the Petit Palais had minimal alterations from the design to the execution, the plan was original and fit perfectly in its given location. The Petit Palais is a shape with its larger side as the main façade facing the Grand Palais. The building’s shape makes a semi-circular courtyard at the center, the Beaux-Arts style Petit Palais was designed by Charles Girault, and is around an octi-circular courtyard and garden, similar to the Grand Palais. Its ionic columns, grand porch, and dome echo those of the Invalides across the river, the tympanum depicting the city of Paris surrounded by muses is the work of sculptor Jean Antoine Injalbert. The Petit Palais was built to be a building that would become a permanent fine arts museum after the exhibition. The materials of the building—stone, steel, and concrete as well as the decoration were to demonstrate that the Petit Palais was built to be enduring, the main façade of the building faces the Grand Palais. The focal point of the façade is the entrance, “a central archway set in an archivolt topped by a dome. Two wings flank the main entrance and these wings, continuing to the end pavilions, are embellished with free-standing columns that frame the tall windows. The exterior of the pavilions are embellished with arched windows from the side around to the rear façades and these grand windows provide side lighting for the outer three galleries of the interior museum

4. Париж – Paris is the capital and most populous city of France. It has an area of 105 square kilometres and a population of 2,229,621 in 2013 within its administrative limits, the agglomeration has grown well beyond the citys administrative limits. By the 17th century, Paris was one of Europes major centres of finance, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts, and it retains that position still today. The aire urbaine de Paris, a measure of area, spans most of the Île-de-France region and has a population of 12,405,426. It is therefore the second largest metropolitan area in the European Union after London, the Metropole of Grand Paris was created in 2016, combining the commune and its nearest suburbs into a single area for economic and environmental co-operation. Grand Paris covers 814 square kilometres and has a population of 7 million persons, the Paris Region had a GDP of €624 billion in 2012, accounting for 30.0 percent of the GDP of France and ranking it as one of the wealthiest regions in Europe. The city is also a rail, highway, and air-transport hub served by two international airports, Paris-Charles de Gaulle and Paris-Orly. Opened in 1900, the subway system, the Paris Métro. It is the second busiest metro system in Europe after Moscow Metro, notably, Paris Gare du Nord is the busiest railway station in the world outside of Japan, with 262 millions passengers in 2015. In 2015, Paris received 22.2 million visitors, making it one of the top tourist destinations. The association football club Paris Saint-Germain and the rugby union club Stade Français are based in Paris, the 80, 000-seat Stade de France, built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, is located just north of Paris in the neighbouring commune of Saint-Denis. Paris hosts the annual French Open Grand Slam tennis tournament on the red clay of Roland Garros, Paris hosted the 1900 and 1924 Summer Olympics and is bidding to host the 2024 Summer Olympics. The name Paris is derived from its inhabitants, the Celtic Parisii tribe. Thus, though written the same, the name is not related to the Paris of Greek mythology. In the 1860s, the boulevards and streets of Paris were illuminated by 56,000 gas lamps, since the late 19th century, Paris has also been known as Panam in French slang. Inhabitants are known in English as Parisians and in French as Parisiens and they are also pejoratively called Parigots. The Parisii, a sub-tribe of the Celtic Senones, inhabited the Paris area from around the middle of the 3rd century BC. One of the areas major north-south trade routes crossed the Seine on the île de la Cité, this place of land and water trade routes gradually became a town

5. Франция – France, officially the French Republic, is a country with territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The European, or metropolitan, area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, Overseas France include French Guiana on the South American continent and several island territories in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. France spans 643,801 square kilometres and had a population of almost 67 million people as of January 2017. It is a unitary republic with the capital in Paris. Other major urban centres include Marseille, Lyon, Lille, Nice, Toulouse, during the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. The area was annexed in 51 BC by Rome, which held Gaul until 486, France emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years War strengthening state-building and political centralisation. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a colonial empire was established. The 16th century was dominated by civil wars between Catholics and Protestants. France became Europes dominant cultural, political, and military power under Louis XIV, in the 19th century Napoleon took power and established the First French Empire, whose subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and later dissolved in the course of the Algerian War, the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains to this day. Algeria and nearly all the colonies became independent in the 1960s with minimal controversy and typically retained close economic. France has long been a centre of art, science. It hosts Europes fourth-largest number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually, France is a developed country with the worlds sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, France remains a great power in the world, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a member state of the European Union and the Eurozone. It is also a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, originally applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name France comes from the Latin Francia, or country of the Franks

6. Реализм (живопись) – Realism was an artistic movement that began in France in the 1850s, after the 1848 Revolution. Realists rejected Romanticism, which had dominated French literature and art since the late 18th century, Realism revolted against the exotic subject matter and exaggerated emotionalism and drama of the Romantic movement. Instead it sought to portray real and typical contemporary people and situations with truth and accuracy, Realist works depicted people of all classes in situations that arise in ordinary life, and often reflected the changes brought by the Industrial and Commercial Revolutions. The popularity of realistic works grew with the introduction of photography—a new visual source that created a desire for people to produce representations which look objectively real. The Realists depicted everyday subjects and situations in contemporary settings, classical idealism and Romantic emotionalism and drama were avoided equally, and often sordid or untidy elements of subjects were not smoothed over or omitted. Treatments of subjects in a heroic or sentimental manner were equally rejected, Realism as an art movement was led by Gustave Courbet in France. The Realist movement began in the century as a reaction to Romanticism. In favor of depictions of life, the Realist painters used common laborers. The chief exponents of Realism were Gustave Courbet, Jean-François Millet, Honoré Daumier, jules Bastien-Lepage is closely associated with the beginning of Naturalism, an artistic style that emerged from the later phase of the Realist movement and heralded the arrival of Impressionism. Realists used unprettified detail depicting the existence of contemporary life, coinciding in the contemporaneous naturalist literature of Émile Zola, Honoré de Balzac. Courbet was the proponent of Realism and he challenged the popular history painting that was favored at the state-sponsored art academy. His groundbreaking paintings A Burial at Ornans and The Stonebreakers depicted ordinary people from his native region, the paintings were done on huge canvases that would typically be used for history paintings. The French Realist movement had stylistic and ideological equivalents in all other Western countries, the Ashcan School, an art movement largely based in New York City, included such artists as George Bellows and Robert Henri. It helped to define American realism in its tendency to depict the life of poorer members of society. 19th Century French Realism, Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, Metropolitan Museum of Art

7. Турки – Turkish people, or the Turks, also known as Anatolian Turks, are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language. They are the largest ethnic group in Turkey, as well as by far the largest ethnic group among the speakers of Turkic languages, ethnic Turkish minorities exist in the former lands of the Ottoman Empire. In addition, a Turkish diaspora has been established with modern migration, the ethnonym Turk may be first discerned in Herodotus reference to Targitas, first king of the Scythians, furthermore, during the first century AD. Pomponius Mela refers to the Turcae in the north of the Sea of Azov. The first definite references to the Turks come mainly from Chinese sources in the sixth century, in these sources, Turk appears as Tujue, which referred to the Göktürks. Although Turk refers to Turkish people, it may sometimes refer to the wider language group of Turkic peoples. In the 19th century, the word Türk only referred to Anatolian villagers, the Ottoman ruling class identified themselves as Ottomans, not usually as Turks. In the late 19th century, as the Ottoman upper classes adopted European ideas of nationalism the term Türk took on a more positive connotation. The Turkish-speakers of Anatolia were the most loyal supporters of Ottoman rule, Turkish Jews, Christians, or even Alevis may be considered non-Turks. On the other hand, Kurdish Arab followers of the Sunni branch of Islam who live in eastern Anatolia are sometimes considered Turks, article 66 of the Turkish Constitution defines a Turk as anyone who is bound to the Turkish state through the bond of citizenship. Anatolia was first inhabited by hunter-gatherers during the Paleolithic era, most of the Turkic peoples were followers of Tengriism, sharing the cult of the sky god Tengri, although there were also adherents of Manichaeism, Nestorian Christianity and Buddhism. However, during the Muslim conquests, the Turks entered the Muslim world proper as servants, during the booty of Arab raids, the Turks began converting to Islam after Muslim conquest of Transoxiana through the efforts of missionaries, Sufis, and merchants. Although initiated by the Arabs, the conversion of the Turks to Islam was filtered through Persian, under the Umayyads, most were domestic servants, whilst under the Abbasids, increasing numbers were trained as soldiers. By the ninth century, Turkish commanders were leading the caliphs’ Turkish troops into battle, as the Abbasid caliphate declined, Turkish officers assumed more military and political power taking over or establishing provincial dynasties with their own corps of Turkish troops. During the 11th century the Seljuk Turks who were admirers of the Persian civilization grew in number and were able to occupy the province of the Abbasid Empire. By 1055, the Seljuk Empire captured Baghdad and began to make their first incursions into the edges of Anatolia, when the Seljuk Turks won the Battle of Manzikert against the Byzantine Empire in 1071, it opened the gates of Anatolia to them. Although ethnically Turkish, the Seljuk Turks appreciated and became the purveyors of the Persian culture rather than the Turkish culture, in dire straits, the Byzantine Empire turned to the West for help setting in motion the pleas that led to the First Crusade. Once the Crusaders took Iznik, the Seljuk Turks established the Sultanate of Rum from their new capital, Konya, by the 12th century the Europeans had begun to call the Anatolian region Turchia or Turkey, meaning the land of the Turks

8. Османская империя – After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans the Ottoman Beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror, at the beginning of the 17th century the empire contained 32 provinces and numerous vassal states. Some of these were later absorbed into the Ottoman Empire, while others were granted various types of autonomy during the course of centuries. With Constantinople as its capital and control of lands around the Mediterranean basin, while the empire was once thought to have entered a period of decline following the death of Suleiman the Magnificent, this view is no longer supported by the majority of academic historians. The empire continued to maintain a flexible and strong economy, society, however, during a long period of peace from 1740 to 1768, the Ottoman military system fell behind that of their European rivals, the Habsburg and Russian Empires. While the Empire was able to hold its own during the conflict, it was struggling with internal dissent. Starting before World War I, but growing increasingly common and violent during it, major atrocities were committed by the Ottoman government against the Armenians, Assyrians and Pontic Greeks. The word Ottoman is an anglicisation of the name of Osman I. Osmans name in turn was the Turkish form of the Arabic name ʿUthmān, in Ottoman Turkish, the empire was referred to as Devlet-i ʿAlīye-yi ʿOsmānīye, or alternatively ʿOsmānlı Devleti. In Modern Turkish, it is known as Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti, the Turkish word for Ottoman originally referred to the tribal followers of Osman in the fourteenth century, and subsequently came to be used to refer to the empires military-administrative elite. In contrast, the term Turk was used to refer to the Anatolian peasant and tribal population, the term Rūmī was also used to refer to Turkish-speakers by the other Muslim peoples of the empire and beyond. In Western Europe, the two names Ottoman Empire and Turkey were often used interchangeably, with Turkey being increasingly favored both in formal and informal situations and this dichotomy was officially ended in 1920–23, when the newly established Ankara-based Turkish government chose Turkey as the sole official name. Most scholarly historians avoid the terms Turkey, Turks, and Turkish when referring to the Ottomans, as the power of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum declined in the 13th century, Anatolia was divided into a patchwork of independent Turkish principalities known as the Anatolian Beyliks. One of these beyliks, in the region of Bithynia on the frontier of the Byzantine Empire, was led by the Turkish tribal leader Osman, osmans early followers consisted both of Turkish tribal groups and Byzantine renegades, many but not all converts to Islam. Osman extended the control of his principality by conquering Byzantine towns along the Sakarya River and it is not well understood how the early Ottomans came to dominate their neighbours, due to the scarcity of the sources which survive from this period. One school of thought which was popular during the twentieth century argued that the Ottomans achieved success by rallying religious warriors to fight for them in the name of Islam, in the century after the death of Osman I, Ottoman rule began to extend over Anatolia and the Balkans. Osmans son, Orhan, captured the northwestern Anatolian city of Bursa in 1326 and this conquest meant the loss of Byzantine control over northwestern Anatolia. The important city of Thessaloniki was captured from the Venetians in 1387, the Ottoman victory at Kosovo in 1389 effectively marked the end of Serbian power in the region, paving the way for Ottoman expansion into Europe

9. Происхождение мира (картина) – LOrigine du monde is an oil-on-canvas painted by French artist Gustave Courbet in 1866. It is a view of the genitals and abdomen of a naked woman. The framing of the body, with head, arms and lower legs outside of view. At the time Courbet was working on the painting his favourite model was a woman, Joanna Hiffernan. Her lover at the time was the American painter James Whistler, Courbet did another painting in 1866, La belle Irlandaise, whose model was Hiffernan. During his whole career, Courbet did four portraits of Hiffernan and she was probably the model for LOrigine du monde, which might explain Courbets and Whistlers brutal separation a short while later. In spite of Hiffernans red hair contrasting with the pubic hair of LOrigine du monde. Fernier has stated that because of the conclusions reached after two years of analysis, the head will be added to the edition of the Courbet catalogue raisonné. The Musée dOrsay has indicated that LOrigine du monde was not part of a larger work, according to CARAA, it performed pigment analyses which were identified as classical pigments of the 2nd half of the 19th century. No other conclusions were reported by the CARAA, the commission for LOrigine du monde is believed to have come from Khalil Bey, an Ottoman diplomat, former ambassador of the Ottoman Empire in Athens and Saint Petersburg who had just moved to Paris. After Khalil-Beys finances were ruined by gambling, the painting passed through a series of private collections. It was first bought during the sale of the Khalil-Bey collection in 1868, edmond de Goncourt hit upon it in an antique shop in 1889, hidden behind a wooden pane decorated with the painting of a castle or a church in a snowy landscape. In 1955 LOrigine du monde was sold at auction for 1.5 million francs and its new owner was the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan. Together with his wife, actress Sylvia Bataille, he installed it in their house in Guitrancourt. Lacan asked André Masson, his stepbrother, to build a double bottom frame, Masson painted a surrealist, allusive version of LOrigine du monde. During the 19th century, the display of the body underwent a revolution whose main activists were Courbet and Manet. Courbet later insisted he never lied in his paintings, and his realism pushed the limits of what was considered presentable, with LOrigine du monde, he has made even more explicit the eroticism of Manets Olympia. Maxime Du Camp, in a tirade, reported his visit to the works purchaser

wikivisually.com

Спящие (картина Курбе) — википедия орг

История

Картина «Спящие» была написана по заказу турецкого дипломата и коллекционера конца эпохи Османской империи — Халила Паши, который с 1860 года жил в Париже[3]. Картину не разрешалось выставлять напоказ вплоть до 1988 года. Такому же запрету подвергался и ряд других произведений Гюстава Курбе — например, полотно «Происхождение мира», на котором крупным планом изображена женская вульва[4]. Владельцем этой картины первоначально тоже был Халил Паша. Когда в 1872 году «Спящие» были выставлены в картинной галерее, они стали предметом полицейского отчёта[5]. Одной из натурщиц этой картины была Джоанна Хиффернан, которая в то время служила моделью Джеймсу Уистлеру. Также она была возлюбленной Уистлера, но после «Спящих» их отношениям пришёл конец, а мнение Уистлера о Курбе испортилось[1].

Энциклопедия истории и культуры геев и лесбиянок описывает «Спящих» как знаменитое произведение в живописи. Эта картина оказала большое влияние на искусство XIX века: после публичной демонстрации «Спящих» некоторые художники того времени вдохновились изображением лесбийской пары. Повторение этой темы помогло снизить количество табу, связанных с лесбийскими отношениями[6].

Сегодня картина входит в коллекцию парижского Малого дворца[2].

Описание

На картине изображены две спящие обнажённые женщины, по-видимому, лесбиянки. Они лежат в постели, в обнимку друг с другом. Слева от зрителя — женщина с каштановыми волосами, лежащая на спине. Её обе ноги показаны в профиль, правой она обнимает вторую женщину — блондинку, а левая направлена в сторону её влагалища. Лицо спящей блондинки обращено к брюнетке. На своём бедре она левой рукой поддерживает ногу темноволосой девушки. Центр полотна занимают ягодицы брюнетки. Есть прямой намёк на их отдых после полового акта[7]. Возле ног спящих видны некоторые украшения (шпилька, ожерелье), брошенные на белую постель. Ещё одним намёком на страстные отношения является разорванное ожерелье[1]. У правой руки брюнетки видна часть платья. В качестве фона изображён тёмно-синий занавес. Справа от кровати находится столик, на котором стоит жёлтая ваза с яркими цветами. Слева — стакан, кувшин и хрустальная ваза, расположенные на тумбе восточного стиля. В нижнем правом углу картина подписана «Г. Курбе 66».

Анализ

Полотно было написано под впечатлением от стихотворения Шарля Бодлера «Проклятые женщины (Ипполита и Дельфина)» на лесбийскую тематику, из сборника «Цветы зла» (1857)[8]. Картина «Спящие» была истолкована как хороший пример реализма в живописи. Отмечалось, что обнажённые тела написаны без приукрашивания, с сохранением недостатков. По мнению некоторых критиков, это полотно безупречно раскрывает эротический стиль[7].

Примечания

Ссылки

www-wikipediya.ru

Спящие дети на картинах художников: margaritael

Мать и ребёнок Мэри Кассат

Дети — это взгляды глазок боязливых,Ножек шаловливых по паркету стук.

В.И. ПЕРЕЯСЛАВЕЦ. Налетался. 1957.

Дети — это солнце в пасмурных мотивах,Целый мир гипотез радостных наук.

Василий Григорьевич Перов

Вечный беспорядок в золоте колечек,Ласковых словечек шепот в полутьме,

Джим Дейли 1

Мирные картинки птичек и овечек,что в уютной детской дремлют на стене.

Джим Дейли

Дети — это вечер, вечер на диване.Сквозь окно, в тумане, блестки фонарей,

Дональд Золан

Мерный голос сказки о царе Салтане,О русалках — сестрах сказочных морей.

Катенька спящая на левом боку Кончаловский Петр Петрович

Дети — это отдых, миг покоя краткий,Господу в кроватке трепетный обет,

Молодая мама со свечёй смотрит на спящего ребёнка Альберт Анкер

Дети — это мира нежные загадки,И в самих загадках кроется ответ.(М. Цветаева)

Перро Леон Жан Базиль

Поле боя Художник Lobrichon Timoleon Marie.

Сон ребёнка Марлин Адамс

Спящие дети Александр Иванович Савинов

спящие дети Альберт Анкер

Спящий мальчик в сене Альберт АнкерДоброго вечера, друзья, и приятных снов!

margaritael.livejournal.com

Описание картины Василия Перова «Спящие дети»

Описание картины Василия Перова «Спящие дети»

Русский художник Перов умел находить прекрасные черты в обыденном, и в лучшем свете показывать их на своих картинах. Работа «Спящие дети» создана в 1870 году. На полотне мы видим незатейливую жанровую сценку. Двое детей лежат в старом сарае, погруженные в безмятежный глубокий сон.

Бросается в глаза бедность обстановки. В деревенском сарае на полу лежит солома, сбоку видна плетеная корзина с вещами. Дети примостились на смятой простынке. Девочка лежит на подушке, подперев голову ладошкой.

Заметно, с каким трепетом и нежностью пишет Перов уснувших детей. Невольно начинаешь любоваться красотой и естественностью их состояния. Босоногие, скромно одетые, эти ребята кажутся счастливыми в своем сладком забытье. У девчушки на шее простые бусы. Но даже с таким элементарным единственным украшением природная красота героини сразу заметна.

Мальчик лежит почти весь в тени, прикрытый меховой рогожкой. Фигура девочки освещается пробившимися в сарай теплыми солнечными лучами. Но это ей ничуть не мешает спать младенческим крепким сном.

Живописец отлично поработал над мельчайшими деталями полотна. Мы видим, с каким старанием изображена каждая соломинка, прутья большой корзины, фрагменты ткани и фигуры детей. Цветовая гамма картины кажется однообразной, но она однозначно теплая и душевная.

Коричневые, желтые и пшеничные цвета составляют основу картины. На коже ребят видно загар и румянец. Их непосредственность привлекает и не дает оторваться от картины. Автору удалось удачно воплотить художественными методами замысел жанровой живописи. Превосходная игра тени и света на полотне говорит о высоком мастерстве художника.

Картина «Спящие дети» пришлась по душе критикам и высоко оценена мировым культурным сообществом. Ее можно увидеть в знаменитой Третьяковской коллекции.

opisanie-kartin.com

Репродукция картины "Спящие Нега и Сладострастие" Гюстава Курбе

Интернет-магазин BigArtShop представляет большой каталог картин художника Гюстава Курбе.  Вы можете выбрать и купить  понравившиеся репродукции картин  Гюстава Курбе на натуральном  холсте.

Выдающийся французский живописец, скульптор, общественный деятель, представитель и теоретик реализма, один из предшественников импрессионизма. Гюстав Курбе родился в семье крестьянина, имевшего собственные виноградники. Для сына он прочил юридическое образование. По настоянию отца Гюстав поступил в коллеж в Безансоне в 25 км от Орнана. По собственному желанию посещал занятия в Академии, брал уроки живописи у Шарля-Антуана Флажуло, который в свою очередь был учеником известного художника Франции Жака-Луи Давида. В 1939 году перебрался в Париж, также обещая отцу, что будет изучать там юриспруденцию.

Вместо того начал заниматься в художественных мастерских у Шарля де Штебена, затем перешел работать в мастерскую Суисса, где студентам предоставлялась полная свобода в художественных поисках. Именно такой стиль обучения больше всего подходил Гюставу. В творчестве он следовал направлению крайнего реализма, считая единственно верным в искусстве передавать прозу жизни.

В итоге, несмотря на то, что многократно его работы отвергались жюри различных выставок, он стал главой реалистической школы, возникшей во Франции и распространившейся оттуда в другие страны.

Курбе известен также и как общественный деятель.

В 1871 году Курбе примкнул к Парижской коммуне, управлял при ней общественными музеями, был комиссаром по культуре и руководил низвержением Вандомской колонны. После падения Коммуны суд приговорил его к заключению в тюрьму, где он провел полгода, позже был приговорён к пополнению расходов по восстановлению разрушенной им колонны. Это заставило его удалиться в Швейцарию, где он и умер в нищете в 1877 году.

Текстура холста, качественные краски и широкоформатная печать позволяют нашим репродукциям  Гюстава Курбе не уступать оригиналу. Холст будет натянут на специальный подрамник, после чего картина может быть оправлена  в выбранный Вами багет.

bigartshop.ru

Спящие (картина Курбе) - Gpedia, Your Encyclopedia

Текущая версияпоказать/скрыть подробности

«Спящие» (фр. Le Sommeil) — эротическая картина французского художника-реалиста Гюстава Курбе, написанная в 1866 году[1]. Также известна по названиям «Две подруги» (Les Deux Amies) и «Лень и похоть» (Paresse et Luxure). В настоящее время хранится в парижском Малом дворце[2].

История

Картина «Спящие» была написана по заказу турецкого дипломата и коллекционера конца эпохи Османской империи — Халила Паши, который с 1860 года жил в Париже[3]. Картину не разрешалось выставлять напоказ вплоть до 1988 года. Такому же запрету подвергался и ряд других произведений Гюстава Курбе — например, полотно «Происхождение мира», на котором крупным планом изображена женская вульва[4]. Владельцем этой картины первоначально тоже был Халил Паша. Когда в 1872 году «Спящие» были выставлены в картинной галерее, они стали предметом полицейского отчёта[5]. Одной из натурщиц этой картины была Джоанна Хиффернан, которая в то время служила моделью Джеймсу Уистлеру. Также она была возлюбленной Уистлера, но после «Спящих» их отношениям пришёл конец, а мнение Уистлера о Курбе испортилось[1].

Энциклопедия истории и культуры геев и лесбиянок описывает «Спящих» как знаменитое произведение в живописи. Эта картина оказала большое влияние на искусство XIX века: после публичной демонстрации «Спящих» некоторые художники того времени вдохновились изображением лесбийской пары. Повторение этой темы помогло снизить количество табу, связанных с лесбийскими отношениями[6].

Сегодня картина входит в коллекцию парижского Малого дворца[2].

Описание

На картине изображены две спящие обнажённые женщины, по-видимому, лесбиянки. Они лежат в постели, в обнимку друг с другом. Слева от зрителя — женщина с каштановыми волосами, лежащая на спине. Её обе ноги показаны в профиль, правой она обнимает вторую женщину — блондинку, а левая направлена в сторону её влагалища. Лицо спящей блондинки обращено к брюнетке. На своём бедре она левой рукой поддерживает ногу темноволосой девушки. Центр полотна занимают ягодицы брюнетки. Есть прямой намёк на их отдых после полового акта[7]. Возле ног спящих видны некоторые украшения (шпилька, ожерелье), брошенные на белую постель. Ещё одним намёком на страстные отношения является разорванное ожерелье[1]. У правой руки брюнетки видна часть платья. В качестве фона изображён тёмно-синий занавес. Справа от кровати находится столик, на котором стоит жёлтая ваза с яркими цветами. Слева — стакан, кувшин и хрустальная ваза, расположенные на тумбе восточного стиля. В нижнем правом углу картина подписана «Г. Курбе 66».

Анализ

Полотно было написано под впечатлением от стихотворения Шарля Бодлера «Проклятые женщины (Ипполита и Дельфина)» на лесбийскую тематику, из сборника «Цветы зла» (1857)[8]. Картина «Спящие» была истолкована как хороший пример реализма в живописи. Отмечалось, что обнажённые тела написаны без приукрашивания, с сохранением недостатков. По мнению некоторых критиков, это полотно безупречно раскрывает эротический стиль[7].

Примечания

Ссылки

www.gpedia.com


Смотрите также